The first step towards improving your skin care is knowing your skin type. At Spa Sophia we always do an extensive skin consultation with clients, so we can determine which treatments and products are best for them. We recommend having professional estheticians look at your skin, but if you’re unable to come to the spa or are in need of an instant answer, we still want to help. Want to find out what skin type you are? Read on!

Skin Type Test

Splash your clean face with water and dry it gently. Then press one thin peace of paper – such as rice paper – against your forehead and and one against your cheek. Now use the following skin type information to determine your skin type.

Skin Types

Traditionally we divide skin into five types: normal, combination, dry, oily and sensitive. We should note that skin types can change as we age though, and are affected by things like temperature, humidity and hormonal fluctuations. Therefore repeat the skin type test every season or every time you move to a new climate.

Oily Skin

Oily skin is most common during puberty, and is caused by an increased production of sebum. While it can be troublesome in adolescence, there’s an upside: Oily skin ages better! So less wrinkles for you.  Here’s how to recognize an oily skin type:

Skin Type Test Result

The piece of paper sticks to all areas of the face, and is translucent after.

Oily Skin Traits

  • Large pores.
  • Prone to breakouts, acne and blackheads.
  • Shiny complexion.

Skin Care Tips for Oily Skin

  • Exfoliate twice a week (see our favorite products here).
  • Wash your face with cleansers specifically made for oily/ acne-prone skin. The Clarisonic Acne Brush Head is a great option too.
  • Only wash your face with water in the morning to prevent setting off more oil production
  • Use only non-comedogenic skin products and make-up, as they don’t clog pores.

Dry Skin

Skin naturally dries out when aging, and is therefore more common in people over 35. The benefit is that breakouts will become much less frequent, the downside more visible fine lines. Here’s how to recognize dry skin:

Skin Type Test Results

The piece of paper doesn’t stick to your skin, and comes up clean afterwards.

Dry Skin Traits

  • Small pores.
  • Prone to flaking, fine lines, and red spots.
  • Skin feels tight, especially after cleansing.

Skin Care Tips for Dry Skin:

  • Keep a spray bottle with you.
  • Use gentle, creamy, non drying, soap-free cleansers. Epicuren Apricot Cream Cleanser is a great example.
  • Use a humidifier if your home or office is dry.
  • Use both night and day creams to moisturize (See our favorite moisturizers here).

Combination Skin

While many people think they have dry or oily skin, combination skin is actually the most common skin type.  Here’s how to recognize a combination skin:

Skin Type Test Results

The piece of paper doesn’t stick and comes up clean in some areas, but sticks and becomes greasy from other areas (most likely the T-Zone).

Combination Skin Traits

  • Oily T-Zone that’s prone to breakouts.
  • Dry skin around the eyes, cheeks and temples.
  • Skin that changes with the season or climate.
  • Medium pores, possibly larger on forehead and cheeks.

Skin Care Tips for Combination Skin

Skin care for combination skin varies per season, climate and/or area of the face. The trick is recognizing the trouble spots, and treating them accordingly. Here are some tips:

  • Exfoliate twice a week (see our favorite exfoliates and scrubs here).
  • Use soap free cleansers, and only clean your face twice a day, unless you have perspired excessively. Jurlique’s Soothing Foaming Cleanser is a good option.
  • Moisturize your dry spots with oil free moisturizers  throughout the day.
  • Use our tips for dry and oily skin for the dry and oily areas.

Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin shares a lot of traits with dry skin, buts is a little more extreme. Here’s how to recognize a combination skin:

Skin Type Test Results

The piece of paper doesn’t stick to your skin, and comes up clean afterwards.

Sensitive Skin Traits

  • Thin skin.
  • Small pores.
  • Prone to irritation, flaking and red spots.
  • Reacts badly to lot of cosmetics and skin products.

Skin Care Tips for Dry Skin

One of the most challenging things for sensitive skin is finding the right products. Luckily many stores have a return policy. Signing up for receiving testers from skin care companies can also help. Spa Sophia can also help you with individual product recommendations if you have sensitive skin.

Normal Skin

Although called “normal,” not many people are actually blessed with this skin type . Here’s how to recognize a normal skin:

Skin Type Test Results

The piece of paper doesn’t stick to your skin, but would if you press harder. It comes up clean or with very little oil.

Normal Skin Traits

  • Barely visible pores.
  • Few imperfections.
  • Bright, even complexion.

Skin Care Tips for Normal Skin

Normal skin doesn’t require much additional or special skin care. Just get the basics straight, such as applying SPF every day, cleaning your face twice a day, and moisturizing whenever the climate gets colder and dryer.

Want a more in-depth skin analysis? Spa Sophia offers complimentary skin consultations for new clients. Call us at (310) 564 6676 or e-mail us to set an appointment.